Each day, Rich Terfry and Radio 2 Drive wraps up your day with music and stories about the interesting things going on in the world.
JUNK IN THE TRUNK:
The science of baby cuteness:
28 birthday traditions from around the world:
RICH'S PICK: "I'll Give the Baby" by Joe Tex:
MARK'S PICK: Judy Collins "Who Knows Where The Time Goes"
REAR VIEW MIRROR:
Every week, Rich Terfry looks back in our Rear-view Mirror at a great song from the good ol’ days. This week, Phil Spector and his 'Wall of Sound."
Listen to Rich tell you the story behind Phil Spector's Wall of Sound
In the early 60s, legendary producer Phil Spector listened to music the same way everyone did - on AM radio. But he wasn't satisfied with the sound quality. So he devised a plan to make music on the radio sound better.
Spector's idea was to take a classical music approach to pop music. He would assemble large groups of musicians in the studio. If an orchestra might have ten violinists, why not put together a pop band with ten guitarists? To get the big sound he was looking for, he'd have the guitars, the bass, the horns and string players all play the same thing at the same time. He'd also overdub again and again, adding more and more layers. Then he'd drench everything in reverb, or echo effect. He called the finished product 'the wall of sound'.
Spector found that the music of most songs was often lost when listening on AM radio - that all he heard in some cases was the vocal. So he chose to bury the vocals on his recordings deep into the mix of the ocean of instruments he recorded.
The results sounded amazing on the radio. One of the prime early examples of the wall of sound technique is the Ronettes song "Be My Baby". Brian Wilson of the Beach Boysfamously said that the first time he heard the song on the radio, he had to pull his car over to listen. He said the song changed his life and - quote - "revamped his brain". Legend goes that Wilson became so obsessed with the song and Spector's production that he listened to it a hundred times a day for months. Wilson has also proclaimed the song to be the greatest pop record ever made.
Let's take a listen to a prime example of Phil Spector's 'wall of sound' and the song regarded by many as the greatest pop song ever recorded - this is the Ronettes with "Be My Baby" on Rear View Mirror.
Here are some other great editions of Rear-view Mirror:
Os Mutantes/Ando Meio Desligado
The Diamonds/Little Darlin
Captain Beefheart/Yellow Brick Road
Elton John/Bennie and the Jets
Hank Williams/Long Gone Lonesome Blues
R.E.M./What's the Frequency, Kenneth?
Tom Waits/Jockey Full of Bourbon
Neil Diamond/Sweet Caroline
The Who/Pinball Wizard
Buffalo Springfield/For What It's Worth
Five Man Electrical Band/Signs
Band Aid/Do They Know It's Christmas
The Ugly Ducklings/Nothin
Bob Dylan/Tangled Up In Blue
The Beatles/Norwegian Wood
The Pursuit of Happiness/I'm An Adult Now
Bruce Springsteen/Born To Run
Arcade Fire/Wake Up
Big Joe Turner/Shake Rattle and Roll
Martha and the Muffins/Echo Beach
Wilson Pickett/In The Midnight Hour
The Band/The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down
Fleetwood Mac/Go Your Own Way
The Animals/House of the Rising Sun
Ian and Sylvia/Four Strong Winds
James Brown/Please Please Please
John Cougar Mellencamp, 'Pink Houses'
The Ramones/I Wanna Be Sedated
The Guess Who/American Woman
U2/I Still Have't Found What I'm Looking For
Janis Joplin/Me and Bobby McGee
Gordon Lightfoot "If You Could Read My Mind"
The Byrds "Eight Miles High"
Simon and Garfunkel "The Sound of Silence"
Bill Haley and his Comets "Rock Around The Clock"
The Velvet Underground "I'm Waiting For The Man"
Johnny Cash "Folsom Prison Blues"
Bobby Fuller "I Fought The Law"
Big Star "September Gurls"
The Hollies "Bus Stop"
Joy Division "Love Will Tear Us Apart"
Booker T and the MGs "Green Onions"
Jimi Hendrix "Hey Joe"
Neil Young "Rockin' in the Free World"
Dolly Parton "Jolene"
The Left Banke "Walk Away Renee"
Lou Reed "Walk On The Wild Side"
James Taylor "Fire And Rain"
The Clash "Should I Stay or Should I Go"
Marvin Gaye "Sexual Healing"
Radiohead "Paranoid Android"
M.I.A. "Paper Planes"
The Animals "We Gotta Get Out of this Place"
Dusty Springfield "Son of a Preacher Man"
Screamin' Jay Hawkins "I Put A Spell On You"
Cheap Trick "Surrender"
Mott The Hoople "All the Young Dudes"
Beach Boys "Sloop John B"
Amy Winehouse "Rehab"
New York Dolls "Personality Crisis"
Modern Lovers "Roadrunner"
George Jones "He Stopped Loving Her Today"
Bruce Springsteen "Born in the USA"
The Beatles "With A Little Help From My Friends"
Rolling Stones 'Miss You'
The Coasters 'Run Red Run'
Elvis Costello, 'Alison'
James Brown, 'Hot (I Need to be loved loved loved)'
Inner Circle, 'Tenement Yard'
Ray Charles, 'I Don't Need No Doctor'
Curtis Mayfield, 'Freddy's Dead'
Gang Starr, 'Beyond Comprehension'
Bo Diddley, 'Bo Diddley'
Aretha Franklin, 'Rocksteady'
CCR, 'Have You Ever Seen the Rain'
Howlin' Wolf, 'Smokestack Lightning'
Bobby Womack, 'Across 110th Street'
Roy Orbison, 'In Dreams'
Foggy Hogtown Boys, 'Man of Constant Sorrow'
Pink Floyd, 'Wish You Were Here'
Neil Young, 'Cortez The Killer'
Bob Dylan, 'Subterranean Homesick Blues'
Little Eva, 'Loco-Motion'
Elvis Costello, 'Watching the Detectives'
Jimmy Cliff, 'The Harder They Come'
The Verve, 'Bittersweet Symphony'
Roberta Flack, 'Killing Me Softly with his Song'
R.E.M., 'Radio Free Europe'
Radiohead, 'No Surprises'
Led Zeppelin, 'Ramble On'
Rolling Stones, 'Beast of Burden'
Glen Campbell, 'Wichita Lineman'